Gian Franco Goldwurm (Italy)
CONCISE HISTORY AND
OF CIANS 
tell the history of Collegium
Internationale Activitatis Nervosae Superioris
(CIANS) is more difficult than I expected.
a troubled history also because such was the history of
our Countries and of ourselves during the second half of
the last century.
cannot be but a personal contribution of what I lived at
think that history must be interpreted from the present.
And the present is what we are and what we want to be.
Here is where I want to start from.
we would like to be an interdisciplinary space in which
we can know, compare and discuss biological,
physiological, neurological, psychiatric, psychological,
educational and social problems. A space where we can
focus our attention on the connection and the
interdependence between behaviours, cognitions and
emotions, the superior nervous functions, the somatic
functions, as well as the impact of the natural and
social environment the human beings live in.
we would like to be an international space of connection
and comparison not only of different disciplines but
also of scholars from different countries.
we would like to find important objects and stimulate
the work on these crucial and significant points common
to clinical and experimental studies.
(2003) for instance proposed two objectives, or wishes:
�One is that our colleagues from clinical practice
faced with the complexities of the integrative nervous
functions would increase their interest for theoretical
grounds of problems under study. The other concerns the
experimental researchers. It will be very useful when
they could more take in account the clinical aspects of
brain integrations when planning the experimental
studies. Both the above approaches could be more closely
incorporated into the program of our Collegium�.
(2003) completes his thought as follow: �The
underlying philosophy of CIANS is to promote the
interdisciplinary scientific cooperation in the field of
the experimental and clinical research and concerns the
integrative functions of the brain, neurobiology of
behaviour and psychosomatic relationship in health and
practice the aims of CIANS as delineated in the statute
and in the by-law, art. 2, are:
to promote the interdisciplinary scientific meeting in
the field of cognitive and behavioural sciences,
psychology, physiology, pathology, pharmacology,
biomedical sciences and other disciplines concerned with
health and disease, emphasizing the role of integrative
Higher Nervous Functions;
to foster collaborative studies, both experimental and
clinical, concerned with the development and integration
of biological, psychological and social sciences
relevant to treatment, rehabilitation and prevention of
disease and disability, and to the promotion of health
and quality of life;
to spread knowledge of the impact of cognition,
behaviour, life style, the stressful life events and
other psychosomatic factors on health related quality of
to foster the education of social and health care
professionals, emphasizing integrative approaches to
it comes who we are: we are a group of scholars of
various disciplines who try to meet regularly, with good
will but maybe little homogeneous and sometimes little
organized though with the intent to stimulate in
ourselves and in the congress we take part in, as this
one, interdisciplinarity and integration on an
little group of scholars with a great history behind.
unites us, and I am very proud of it, is the pavlovian
origin that is in the name of the Collegium itself.
first President was a distinguished pupil of Pavlov: W.
Horsley Gantt who was also the founder and
first president of The Pavlovian Society of North
regards our history we are proud to say that �it is
the oldest international society in the field of
behavioural neuroscience, integrative physiology and
Statute, amended in 1988 and accepted by postal ballot
in 1989, declares at article 2 that �CIANS was
organized in 1958 and formally founded in 1960�. I
don�t possess any document about this.
first mention regards 1959 and it�s contained in the
journal Activitas Nervosa Superior of 1985
celebrate the 25th anniversary of CIANS:
�For these reasons, in 1959 discussions were initiated
regarding the possibilities for international
cooperation in the study of higher nervous functions
among the following scientific bodies�, five societies
among which the Pavlovian Society of North America: Czechoslovak
Society for Higher Nervous Activity; Japanese Society
for the Study of Conditioned Reflexes (J. Neuroscience
Soc.); I.P. Pavlov Physiological Society of the USSR
Academy of Sciences; The Pavlovian Committee (GDR
Nedeck� (2000) says that in 1959 was founded in
Czechoslovakia the �Society for the Study of Higher