Gian Franco Goldwurm (Italy)
CONCISE HISTORY AND
OF CIANS 
on in the October 1960 in the castle of Smolenice
near Bratislav there was a symposium on
corticovisceral relations together with other five
societies and various scholars, and a �round table
discussion about terminological problems� with the
participation of Horsley Gantt, too.
to Ruttkay Nedeck� �at this meeting of
representatives from Western and Eastern countries, a
preliminary agreement was obtained concerning the
foundation of an International Association of Societies
involved in the study of higher nervous activities�.
cited article of Activitas Nervosa Superior of 1985
reports on the contrary that �the International
Association for the Study of Higher Nervous Activity was
founded on October 22nd, 1960�. �In 1962
an interim committee began to function which convened
the first international conference in London in
September 1964 and co-organized a symposium in Berlin in
from the testimonies at our disposition there are some
contradictions on the real date of birth of a society
the important idea of an international association that
could foster a scientific dialogue between East and West
with periodical meetings of the scholars was born at the
end of the 50s in the mind of numerous scholars who
elaborated successive projects.
it�s well known that in those years there were great
political difficulties, distrust and hostility, both
from East and West, that probably hindered the
realization of these projects. We were talking about the
same things but with different terminologies (corticovisceral
theories, psychosomatics), we were studying the same
phenomena with different methodologies: it was necessary
to meet and compare our knowledge.
the scientific value of this idea, also in my opinion,
was changing into a political value, founded on peace
and the living together of two worlds, that came true
even through the cooperation and the exchange of
experiences among scholars of similar subjects. At the
bottom of their hearts they were sure that cooperation
and the personal reciprocal knowledge could work in
favour of peace, against a possible atomic war.
was ripe in the period of thaw, that is during the 60s.
April 1966 in Washington at the V Congress of CINP (Collegium
Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum) was
organized a symposium on Classical Conditioning and
Psychopharmacology where a group of participants, and I
was one of them,
decided to create an
association similar to CINP called also with a similar
Internationale Activitatis Nervosae Superioris
(CIANS). I remember that at that occasion I had to
correct the Latin name it had taken.
Thomas Ban (2003) says �The formal proposal to found
an international organization was unanimously accepted
by the group and CIANS was inaugurated with Horsley
Gantt (American) as President and Juri Saarma (Estonian)
as President-elect and other officers, in September of
the same year, 1966, during the V World Congress of
Psychiatry in Madrid.� This is confirmed in the note
at the foot of the 1968 draft of CIANS Statute by
members of the Committee on Constitution.